Crafting tools is a very important part of Minecraft. Tools accelerate the speed at which you mine materials, and some more exotic materials (like Diamond) can only be mined with the proper tools. Axes, Pickaxes, Shovels and Hoes can be built out of various materials, so substitute the material of your choice into the formula.
Axe: Place two sticks on top of each other vertically in the middle of a 3x3 crafting window, then arrange three materials (wood, cobblestone, iron, etc) in an upside-down L shape in the upper left of the crafting window. Axes help you harvest wood more quickly.
Pickaxe: A critical tool, the pickaxe is created by placing two sticks vertically and then placing three materials horizontally along the top of the 3x3 crafting window. The sticks and materials together should form a T shape. Pickaxes help you harvest stone and ore.
Shovels: Place two sticks vertically and then place one material at the top of the two sticks. Shovels help you clear soft materials like dirt, grass and snow.
Hoes: Place two sticks vertically and then place two materials horizontally. One material should be directly on top of the sticks and the other should be one block to the left. Hoes are created to till the ground so that you can find and plant seeds.
Flint and Steel: Place on piece of flint into the crafting panel, then place an iron ingot on space up and to the left. This tool is used to create fire, which can of course be used to burn down flammable objects.
Bucket: Place three iron ingots into the craft panel in a V shape. The bucket is used to transport water, lava and milk.
Compass: Place one Redstone Dust into the middle of the 3x3 crafting panel and then place four iron ingots around it to the left, right, top and bottom. The compass is used to find your spawn point.
Watch: Place one Redstone Dust into the middle of the 3x3 crafting window and then place four gold ingots around it to the left, right, top and bottom. The watch tells you the time of day, which is useful when you are deep underground.
Fishing Rod: Place three sticks into the 3x3 crafting panel diagonally so that the stick furthest to the left is on the bottom and the stick furthest to the right is on the top. Then place two pieces of sting vertically below the stick on the right. As you’d expect, the Fishing Rod is used to catch fish.